Posts by Gary Charpentier

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1) Message boards : Cafe SETI : Word Link #83 (Message 1707236)
Posted 2 hours ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
2) Message boards : Cafe SETI : Mysterious Miscellaneous Tool Time V6 (Message 1707235)
Posted 2 hours ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
methinks I might find it in rigging
3) Message boards : Politics : To Work or Not? (Message 1707230)
Posted 2 hours ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Here is a bit of reading material for those who promote minimum wage increases as the cure all to low employment and poverty.
We estimate the minimum wage’s effects on low-skilled workers’ employment and income trajectories. Our approach exploits two dimensions of the data we analyze. First, we compare workers in states that were bound by recent increases in the federal minimum wage to workers in states that were not. Second, we use 12 months of baseline data to divide low-skilled workers into a “target” group, whose baseline wage rates were directly affected, and a “within-state control” group with slightly higher baseline wage rates. Over three subsequent years, we find that binding minimum wage increases had significant, negative effects on the employment and income growth of targeted workers. Lost income reflects contributions from employment declines, increased probabilities of working without pay (i.e., an “internship” effect), and lost wage growth associated with reductions in experience accumulation. Methodologically, we show that our approach identifies targeted workers more precisely than the demographic and industrial proxies used regularly in the literature. Additionally, because we identify targeted workers on a population-wide basis, our approach is relatively well suited for extrapolating to estimates of the minimum wage’s effects on aggregate employment. Over the late 2000s, the average effective minimum wage rose by 30 percent across the United States. We estimate that these minimum wage increases reduced the national employment-to-population ratio by 0.7 percentage point.
How the minimum wage destroyed 1.4 million jobs
We review the burgeoning literature on the employment effects of minimum wages - in the United States and other countries - that was spurred by the new minimum wage research beginning in the early 1990s. Our review indicates that there is a wide range of existing estimates and, accordingly, a lack of consensus about the overall effects on low-wage employment of an increase in the minimum wage. However, the oft-stated assertion that recent research fails to support the traditional view that the minimum wage reduces the employment of low-wage workers is clearly incorrect. A sizable majority of the studies surveyed in this monograph give a relatively consistent (although not always statistically significant) indication of negative employment effects of minimum wages. In addition, among the papers we view as providing the most credible evidence, almost all point to negative employment effects, both for the United States as well as for many other countries. Two other important conclusions emerge from our review. First, we see very few - if any - studies that provide convincing evidence of positive employment effects of minimum wages, especially from those studies that focus on the broader groups (rather than a narrow industry) for which the competitive model predicts disemployment effects. Second, the studies that focus on the least-skilled groups provide relatively overwhelming evidence of stronger disemployment effects for these groups.
American Samoa

The recent experience of American Samoa dramatically illustrates how wage increases reduce employment. The tiny Pacific island chain has been an American territory for over a century. However, American Samoans have a largely separate economy and considerably lower incomes than residents of the continental United States: the average Samoan worker made $12,000 in 2009.[17] The tuna canning industry makes up a significant portion of their private sector.

Until recently American Samoa had a different minimum wage schedule than the continental United States. A committee within the Department of Labor set Samoan wage minimums according to local economic conditions. In January 2007 the minimum wage in the canning industry stood at $3.26 an hour. Unfortunately for American Samoa, Congress applied the 2007 federal minimum wage increase to the territory. The legislation aligned the Samoan minimum wage with the U.S. rate of $7.25 an hour in 50 cent annual increments.[18]

Almost every hourly worker in the tuna canning industry makes less than $7.25 an hour.[19] At that level the minimum wage would cover 80 percent of the islands’ hourly workers.[20] This would be the economic equivalent of raising the minimum wage to $20.00 an hour in the continental U.S.[21]

By May 2009 the third scheduled minimum wage increase in Samoa took effect, rising to $4.76 an hour and covering 69 percent of canning workers. This did not increase purchasing power, stimulate demand, and raise living standards, as many minimum wage proponents theorize. Instead StarKist—one of the two canneries then located in Samoa—laid off workers, cut hours and benefits, and froze hiring.[22] The other cannery—Chicken of the Sea—shut down entirely in September 2009.[23]

The Government Accountability Office reports that between 2006 and 2009 overall employment in American Samoa fell 14 percent and inflation-adjusted wages fell 11 percent. Employment in the tuna canning industry fell 55 percent.[24] The GAO attributed much of these economic losses to the minimum wage hike.

The Democratic Governor of American Samoa, Togiola Tulafona, harshly criticized this GAO report for understating the damage done by the minimum wage hike. Testifying before Congress Gov. Tulafona objected that “this GAO report does not adequately, succinctly or clearly convey the magnitude of the worsening economic disaster in American Samoa that has resulted primarily from the imposition of the 2007 US minimum wage mandate.”[25] Gov. Tulafona pointed out that American Samoa’s unemployment rate jumped from 5 percent before the last minimum wage hike to over 35 percent in 2009.[26] He begged Congress to stop increasing the islands’ minimum wage:

“We are watching our economy burn down. We know what to do to stop it. We need to bring the aggressive wage costs decreed by the Federal Government under control. But we are ordered not to interfere …Our job market is being torched. Our businesses are being depressed. Our hope for growth has been driven away…Our question is this: How much does our government expect us to suffer, until we have to stand up for our survival?”[27]

Samoan employers responded to higher labor costs the way economic theory predicts: by hiring fewer workers. Congress hurt the very workers it intended to help. Fortunately, Congress heeded the Governor’s plea and suspended the future scheduled minimum wage increases.

<ed>a little additional with some counter material
4) Message boards : Politics : To Work or Not? (Message 1706897)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Rather more likely is that the irony detector was spot on, and continues to be and that I was attempting to draw you out into expressing what you really believe regarding the desire to work versus laziness.

However it is irrelevant to the question if an individuals total compensation is more if they work less, as willingness to work would not be a factor in the decision: To Work or Not?

I was about to say "fair enough" to it being irrelevant to your question.
But is it?
Are the only rewards of work monetary? (Is it foolish to [i]not]/i] look at work solely based on money?)

Man has been able to monetize nearly everything, except perhaps feelings. And not all work has to be paid work. But you know the subject is work for money.
5) Message boards : Politics : Thor is the Designer! #3 (Message 1706828)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Thor is very busy in Southern California right now!
6) Message boards : Politics : MH370 Missing (Message 1706802)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
If it is from a 777, I don't think any others are missing a flaperon so it has to be MH370's. Unfortunately, one part isn't going to tell us anything about why. Likely the only part that can address that is the cockpit voice recorder. The what, when, where, how answers will come from the flight data recorder. We already know who was on board.
7) Message boards : Politics : Crimea 7 (Message 1706796)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Ah, mother Russia, doing it best job protecting its cubs.
8) Message boards : Politics : To Work or Not? (Message 1706795)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Rather more likely is that the irony detector was spot on, and continues to be and that I was attempting to draw you out into expressing what you really believe regarding the desire to work versus laziness.

However it is irrelevant to the question if an individuals total compensation is more if they work less, as willingness to work would not be a factor in the decision: To Work or Not?
9) Message boards : Politics : To Work or Not? (Message 1706717)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
So what is going on?

Gary I do consider the source, Faux news. Since I live across Puget Sound from Seattle and most of my local news comes from there I hear of very few locals complaining. Most seem to find it to be a non event since it has not gone into effect yet.

Wow, not even in effect yet? Wow.

Except it has, at least one step.

Or maybe, they started counting the "homeless Kurt Cobain wannabes" again?

Seriously, though ... . Gary, your ending comment in the opening post sounds Marxist! "Everybody wants to work." (Funny how so many miss this, as well as "from each according to his abilities".)

Personally, I do believe most want to work and that living on assistance is not easy. (I know how hard this has been on a friend and his small family the last 1.5 years.) But can we really say everyone wants to work? 100%? While 47% sounds ridiculous, is no one lazy?

What hearsay. The people know for a fact that no one is lazy. Everyone contributes. There is no 47% or even 99% or 1%! All are equal.

Give your irony detector a clean out! It was very intentional so that there could be no issue with lazy complaints.
10) Message boards : Politics : To Work or Not? (Message 1706715)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Is welfare more valuable than work?

So good to know that Welfare is more valuable that work.
Thats why we work.
Well, just goes to show that there are dolts out there. :)

I believe that assessment of Janne is unfair as English is not his first language.
Perhaps you could have restated your point or your question.

That becomes his issue when he posts about things specifically related to USA internal politics. Know what is being discussed before talking about it.
Welfare has multiple meanings. For example, I was concerned about your welfare when you disappeared from posting for some time about a year ago.
It need not only refer to government assistance.
11) Message boards : Cafe SETI : Transportation safety 2 (Message 1706709)
Posted 1 day ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Had I been the pilot of that aircraft I would have said this

"My concern is the safety of the 144 passengers on my aircraft. I am landing at your airport whether you f'ing like it or not. When I have safely done so I will make my way to your control tower and bang a few heads together. Now get out of my way I am coming in!".

Sure, as long as you didn't run into the half dozen Blue Angels practicing over the airport. Be interesting to see if a NOTAM was available to the airline.

Oh, I'm sure they published it, this is a upcomming one for the t-birds: wrote:
12) Message boards : Number crunching : Credit: How is it calculated? (Message 1706581)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
I'm curious. What is credit based off of, how is it calculated, and how is recent average credit calculated?

/dev/ranrom * credit_screw(# pulses)
13) Message boards : Cafe SETI : Transportation safety 2 (Message 1706439)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
While the Fargo airport was the flight's intended destination, it was temporarily closed for practice by the Navy Blue Angels flying team.

An air traffic controller can be heard telling an Allegiant pilot that his company should have known about the closure, according to audio captured by the website The Allegiant pilot said he didn't have enough fuel to reach another airport.

When the controller said there would be a window to land in Fargo in 20 minutes, the pilot responded, "I don't have 20 minutes."

Last I checked airlines were required to file IFR flight plans, even in VFR conditions. IFR minimums on fuel, enough to get to your destination and fly a missed approach PLUS enough to then fly to your alternate destination and fly the approach and then fly for another 45 minutes! You don't go wheels up if you don't have that on board. That's his pilot's license. Never mind that as a pilot you are required to check all available data sources in planning your flight, such as NOTAMS (NOTices to Air Men) which would have listed the airport being closed. Now his company scheduler is also on the hook because he allowed the aircraft to take off headed to an airport that was closed at the arrival time. He also may be on the hook for the fuel issue. The company might have an illegal policy of not carrying enough fuel as carrying excess weight (fuel) costs more. That would be their license!

Simply can't believe the number of idiots involved!
14) Message boards : Politics : I hope that this cop gets to feel the full force of the law. #2 (Message 1706428)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Yet another death caused by the occupation forces of the failed war on drugs.
15) Message boards : Number crunching : Panic Mode On (99) Server Problems? (Message 1706424)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Still not out of the woods (the scheduler still has some issue so no work is being sent) but FYI the code was completely tested in beta, but that validator bug got missed because it worked in beta - due to the ids being less than 2**31 unlike in the public project where the ids were between 2**32 and 2**31, thus causing some confusion between signed/unsigned. Whoops.

- Matt

Thanks for the update Matt, and sorry I was right about it being a unsigned to signed conversion. But when I converted some code from 32 to 64 bit O/S a lot of those types of issues came to the fore. I learned to not use the compiler size int or long but use a space declared size such as uint64_t so there was no possibility of confusion.
16) Message boards : Politics : Calais Migrants (Message 1706344)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
I have a question:

On what grounds are those opposed to the migrants entering Britain opposing them?

That is, why do they consider this a problem?

Well, if you want a rehash of Trumps speech making, ask the question. The answer is always the same. They will take my piece of the pie I'm entitled to by birthright. Or course there will be 10,000 other rationalizations for why they have the issue so they won't have to speak the truth.
17) Message boards : Politics : Society's Role in Education (Message 1706340)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Doh? Do teachers have a role to play in education?
Snort, what do they think they are, politicians?!
18) Message boards : Politics : I hope that this cop gets to feel the full force of the law. #2 (Message 1706338)
Posted 2 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
I got home from the bar and fell into bed soon after Saturday night bled into Sunday morning. I didn’t wake up until three police officers barged into my apartment, barking their presence at my door. They sped down the hallway to my bedroom, their service pistols drawn and leveled at me.

It was just past 9 a.m., and I was still under the covers. The only visible target was my head.

In the shouting and commotion, I felt an instant familiarity. I’d been here before. This was a raid.

I had done this a few dozen times myself, 6,000 miles away from my Alexandria, Va., apartment. As an Army infantryman in Iraq, I’d always been on the trigger side of the weapon. Now that I was on the barrel side, I recalled basic training’s most important firearm rule: Aim only at something you intend to kill.
When I later visited the Fairfax County police station to gather details about what went wrong, I met the shift commander, Lt. Erik Rhoads. I asked why his officers hadn’t contacted management before they raided the apartment. Why did they classify the incident as a forced entry, when the information they had suggested something innocuous? Why not evaluate the situation before escalating it?

Rhoads defended the procedure, calling the officers’ actions “on point.” It’s not standard to conduct investigations beforehand because that delays the apprehension of suspects, he told me.

I noted that the officers could have sought information from the apartment complex’s security guard that would have resolved the matter without violence. But he played down the importance of such information: “It doesn’t matter whatsoever what was said or not said at the security booth.”

This is where Rhoads is wrong. We’ve seen this troubling approach to law enforcement nationwide, in militarized police responses to nonviolent protesters and in fatal police shootings of unarmed citizens. The culture that encourages police officers to engage their weapons before gathering information promotes the mind-set that nothing, including citizen safety, is more important than officers’ personal security. That approach has caused public trust in law enforcement to deteriorate.

It’s the same culture that characterized the early phases of the Iraq war, in which I served a 15-month tour in 2006 and 2007. Soldiers left their sprawling bases in armored vehicles, leveling buildings with missile strikes and shooting up entire blocks during gun battles with insurgents, only to return to their protected bases and do it all again hours later.

The short-sighted notion that we should always protect ourselves endangered us more in the long term. It was a flawed strategy that could often create more insurgents than it stopped and inspired some Iraqis to hate us rather than help us.
We didn’t find any insurgents. There weren’t any. But it was easy to imagine that we forged some in that fire. Similarly, when U.S. police officers use excessive force to control nonviolent citizens or respond to minor incidents, they lose supporters and public trust.

That’s a problem, because law enforcement officers need the cooperation of the communities they patrol in order to do their jobs effectively. In the early stages of the war, the U.S. military overlooked that reality as well. Leaders defined success as increasing military hold on geographic terrain, while the human terrain was the real battle. For example, when our platoon entered Iraq’s volatile Diyala province in early 2007, children at a school plugged their ears just before an IED exploded beneath one of our vehicles. The kids knew what was coming, but they saw no reason to warn us. Instead, they watched us drive right into the ambush. One of our men died, and in the subsequent crossfire, several insurgents and children were killed. We saw Iraqis cheering and dancing at the blast crater as we left the area hours later.
I understood the risks of war when I enlisted as an infantryman. Police officers should understand the risks in their jobs when they enroll in the academy, as well. That means knowing that personal safety can’t always come first. That is why it’s service. That’s why it’s sacrifice.
19) Message boards : Politics : To Work or Not? (Message 1706157)
Posted 3 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
Funny thing. This company was headquartered in the People's Republic of California. The vacation system was the ONE thing they got right, in my opinion.
Yes, that is the law in California, vacation is earnings and you can't take it away from an employee once accrued. But nothing says you have to accrue it either.
20) Message boards : Number crunching : Panic Mode On (99) Server Problems? (Message 1706154)
Posted 3 days ago by Profile Gary Charpentier
The positive in the server down notice was the portion that mentioned upgrade of software, forward movement, not repair. Good news.

Uh, that is just the marketing department describing a feature (bug).

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