The intent of law is wholly the reason behind it. Over the years that my Country has been in existence, slowly, ever so slowly we have moved from intent of it's founder and framers to intent of the here and now. Once we was a Country of true freedom for all. Many will say that isn't true because of slavery. In part that is true but also in part that isn't true. In the beginning my Country had more white slaves then black. They were indentured slaves, many of them for years at a time, this was true for black slaves also. In time they regained their freedom. I'm not making a case of this being right, it is for sure wrong to enslave anyone for any amount of time. I'm just pointing out the truth of the matter. Some will point that woman had no rights, this is also not true. Ladies that were land owners also had the right to vote and bank.
During our founding there was indeed a fight over what is true freedom. The Federalist v Anti-federalist was the fight in every news paper across the 13 colonies. James Madison (28 papers: 10, 14, 37-58 and 62-63) and Alexander Hamilton (52 papers: 1, 6-9, 11-13, 15-36, 59-61, and 65-85) wrote most of the Federalist Papers, but John Jay wrote papers 2-5 (Foreign Affairs) and 64 (on the Senate). All of the essays were signed Publius and the actual authors of some are under dispute, but the general consensus is that Alexander Hamilton wrote 52, James Madison wrote 28, and John Jay contributed the remaining five. And here we find intent of the law. In order to find intent we must move backwards in history. If you don't look for intent you base law in opinion only.
If law is based on opinion the opinion varies and after time, as we have now, intent is truly lost in time.
Now we have judges who sit and make pronouncements that have nothing to do with law at all, or worse they make law that is not even based on our law at all. For example they base law in international law, a breach of contract with our own rule of law the U.S. Constitution. Or they have a biased opinion on a subject and their personality is interjected into a law, which is another breach of contract.
The founders and framers of our Constitution borrowed from Greek example of Democracy for the states. They also borrowed from Rome in the form of a Republic for the governance of all the states. This would be the first of many checks and balances that ultimately in the end leaves the people themselves in charge of their own affairs and in charge of the government.
So, if we look back in history to find the start of law that this Country was founded on, we find that our law is based on Christian morals. There are countless quotes that does give us the intent of the founders and framers. I will not post them all but I must post a few. "We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality and religion . . . Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other." John Adams is a signer of the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights and our second President. "The only foundation for a useful education in a republic is to be aid in religion. Without this there can be no virtue, and without virtue there can be no liberty, and liberty is the object and life of all republican governments. Without religion, I believe that learning does real mischief to the morals and principles of mankind." Benjamin Rush signer of the Declaration of Independence. "Human law must rest its authority ultimately upon the authority of that law which is divine. . . . Far from being rivals or enemies, religion and law are twin sisters, friends, and mutual assistants. Indeed, these two sciences run into each other." James Wilson, Signer of the Constitution; U. S. Supreme Court Justice
You may be asking yourself that if this Country was founded on Christian morals how can slavery be part of it? I would have to say that is a good question. There was a fight over that also. If slaves were counted as full people the south would have gained more Representatives in both Houses, the south didn't really think of them as people, they thought of them as property. Yes, there was slavery in the north too, however most of the people in the north were not slave owners. Also, if the southern states wanted to call property [humans] but not tax them and on top of that count them for representation the north wanted to tax them and call a horse and a chair property and use that as a means for representation too. Ergo the 3/5ths compromise. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton were very much against slavery. Jefferson, also in his heart of hearts was a slave owner but later in life against slavery had a plan inside of the plan, knowingly he added that importation of slavery would stop in 1808, and a very smart man he was. He counted on that year being his last year in office as President. He didn't count on his plan being lost. This set the stage for our civil war in the 1860's.
What is a human person? This was the question at that time. There was reason and people who wanted to end slavery right then and were itching for that fight. We had just gained our freedom and a civil war at that time would have opened us up for a loss right after the big win. The fight had to wait. Was making the black man wait for their true freedom the right thing to do? In my opinion, no.
Intent of law is the only thing that matters. And intent can only be found here.